The standard quantum mechanics does not forbid time-travel. However, some alternative formulations (based on the so called “rigged Hilbert space”) include irreversibility as a fundamental principle: a quantum particle that decays cannot travel back in time.
There are not direct evidences of the irreversibility of decay processes, but the new quantum mechanics predicts that the decay rates are quantized.
If one observes the quantization of the decay rates, one can claim to have provided experimental support to the irreversible formulation of quantum mechanics.
In simple terms, one can claim that time-travel is not possible at the quantum level (…and also at the classical level).
Silvia Gentilini, Maria Chiara Braidotti, Giulia Marcucci, Eugenio Del Re, and Claudio Conti simulated in the laboratory one of the simplest models of the irreversible quantum mechanics, that follows an original proposal of Glauber. A laser beam emulates a quantum particle in a reversed harmonic oscillator, as a result the first experimental evidence of the quantization of decay time is reported in a paper published in Scientific Reports.
(reprint from the former complexlight.org website)
PRIN PROJECT NEMO reference 2015KEZNYM
The PRIN project “NEMO” started. The topic is “Nonlinear Dynamics of Optical Frequency Comb” coordinated by Prof. S. Wabnitz (Univ. of Brescia), in collaboration with Prof. L. Pavesi (Univ. Trento) and Dr. De Rosa (INO-CNR).
Valentina Palmieri et al review the hundreds of papers about the action of graphene against bacteria.
Standing out as the new wonder bidimensional material, graphene oxide (GO) has aroused an exceptional interest in biomedical research by holding promise for being the antibacterial of future. First, GO possesses a specific interaction with microorganisms combined with a mild toxicity for human cells. Additionally, its antibacterial action seems to be directed to multiple targets in pathogens, causing both membranes mechanical injury and oxidative stress. Lastly, compared to other carbon materials, GO has easy and low-cost processing and is environmentfriendly.
This remarkable specificity and multi-targeting antibacterial activity come at a time when antibiotic resistance represents the major health challenge. Unfortunately, a comprehensive framework to understand how to effectively utilize this material against microorganisms is still lacking. In the last decade, several groups tried to define the mechanisms of interaction between GO flakes and pathogens but conflicting results have been reported. This review is focused on all the contradictions of GO antimicrobial properties in solution. Flake size, incubation protocol,
time of exposure and species considered are examples of factors influencing results. These parameters will be summarized and analyzed with the aim of defining the causes of contradictions, to allow fast GO clinical application.
A new joint laboratory between Dr. Lifu Zhang of Center for Optoelectronic Science & Technology at Shenzhen University (China) and Prof. Claudio Conti at the Department of Physics of Sapienza is being settled. The laboratory will study theoretical and experimental nonlinear photonics with emphasis on supercontinuum generation, spatio-temporal, and high-field phenomena.
Several joint post-doctoral positions are available in this initiative and open to researchers with a Ph.D. in Optics and Photonics with outstanding track record.
Team of the Shenzen-Roma joint lab
Dr. Lifu Zhang (firstname.lastname@example.org), SZU International Cooperation Laboratory
Prof. Claudio Conti, Dep. of Physics Sapienza, Rome
Dr. Davide Pierangeli, Dep. of Physics Sapienza, Rome
Prof. Eugenio Del Re, Dep. of Physics Sapienza, Rome