Experiments on adiabatic evolution in Ising machines in Optica

Combinatorial optimization problems are crucial for widespread applications but remain difficult to solve on a large scale with conventional hardware. Novel optical platforms, known as coherent or photonic Ising machines, are attracting considerable attention as accelerators on optimization tasks formulable as Ising models. Annealing is a well-known technique based on adiabatic evolution for finding optimal solutions in classical and quantum systems made by atoms, electrons, or photons. Although various Ising machines employ annealing in some form, adiabatic computing on optical settings has been only partially investigated. Here, we realize the adiabatic evolution of frustrated Ising models with 100 spins programmed by spatial light modulation. We use holographic and optical control to change the spin couplings adiabatically, and exploit experimental noise to explore the energy landscape. Annealing enhances the convergence to the Ising ground state and allows to find the problem solution with probability close to unity. Our results demonstrate a photonic scheme for combinatorial optimization in analogy with adiabatic quantum algorithms and classical annealing methods but enforced by optical vector-matrix multiplications and scalable photonic technology.


See also https://arxiv.org/abs/2005.08690

Press release on the AI of waves












Nuove Direzioni numero 62, Nov-Dic 2020, pag. 75 “L’intelligenza delle onde”

Messaggero, 5 October 2020

Interview of Claudio Conti (podcast)


Living Random Optical Neural Network

Optical neural networks process information at the speed of light and are energetically efficient. Photonic artificial intelligence allows speech recognition, image classification, and Ising machines. Modern machine learning paradigms, as extreme learning machines, reveal that disordered and biological materials may realize optical neural networks with thousands of nodes trained only at the input and at the readout. May we use living matter for machine learning? Here, we employ living three-dimensional tumor brain models to demonstrate a random optical learning machine (ROM) for the investigation of glioblastoma. The tumor spheroid act as a computational reservoir. The ROM detects cancer morphodynamics by laser-induced hyperthermia, quantifies chemotherapy, and cell metabolism. The ROM is a sensitive noninvasive smart probe for cytotoxicity assay and enables real-time investigation of tumor dynamics. We hence design and demonstrate a novel bio-hardware for optical computing and the study of light/complex matter interaction.

Selected as Editor’s Highlights – Communications Physics 2020


Living optical random neural network with three dimensional tumor spheroids for cancer morphodynamics in Communications Physics

See also

ANSA press release

Our “machine learning with nonlinear waves” paper featured in Physics!

Riding waves in Neuromorphic Computing, Marios Mattheakis highlights with a thoughtful viewpoint our recent paper in PRL on the artificial intelligence of nonlinear waves.