Optical Spatial Shock Waves in Nonlocal Nonlinear Media

Dispersive shock waves are fascinating phenomena occurring when nonlinearity overwhelms linear effects, such as dispersion and diffraction. Many features of shock waves are still under investigation, as the interplay with noninstantaneity in temporal pulses transmission and nonlocality in spatial beams propagation. Despite the rich and vast literature on nonlinear waves in optical Kerr media, spatial dispersive shock waves in nonlocal materials deserve further attention for their unconventional properties. Indeed, they have been investigated in colloidal matter, chemical physics and biophotonics, for sensing and control of extreme phenomena.
Here we review the last developed theoretical models and recent optical experiments on spatial dispersive shock waves in nonlocal media. Moreover, we discuss observations in novel versatile materials relevant for soft matter and biology.

Giulia Marcucci et al. in arXiv:1907.02823

See also https://giuliasnonlinearworld.wordpress.com/2019/07/08/dswreview/

Quantum Gates by TensorFlow and Reservoir Computing

Novel machine learning computational tools open new perspectives for quantum information systems. Here we adopt the open-source programming library TensorFlowTM to design multi-level quantum gates including a computing reservoir represented by a random unitary matrix. In optics, the reservoir is a disordered medium or a multimodal fiber. We show that trainable operators at the input and the readout enable to realize multi-level gates. We study single and qudit gates, including the
scaling properties of the algorithms with the size of the reservoir.

Quantum Reservoir Computing

G. Marcucci et al. in arXiv:1905.05264

See also

PhoQus project launched!

Our project within the Quantum Technologies Flagship has been launched. The topic is quantum simulations of fundamental physical processes, as Bose-Einstein condensation of photons and gravitational physics!

The project involves Sorbonne University, CNRS, Sapienza, UBO, IST, Imperial, CNR and UPDiderot

FET Quantum Technologies Flagship Grant Number 820391

Spin-orbit algebra with graphene

Laser & photonic reviews published the paper by Ciattoni et al. on the spin orbit coupling in graphene (arXiv version). The coupling of 2D electrons with OAM and Spin allows to control the state of nano-scale light beams, and is potentially useful for multilevel quantum gates.